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Regionalized climate footprints of battery electric vehicles in Europe

Christine Roxanne Hung, Steve Völler, Maxime Agez, Guillaume Majeau-Bettez and Anders Hammer Strømman

Article (2021)

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Cite this document: Hung, C. R., Völler, S., Agez, M., Majeau-Bettez, G. & Strømman, A. H. (2021). Regionalized climate footprints of battery electric vehicles in Europe. Journal of Cleaner Production, 322, p. 129052. doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129052
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Abstract

The climate mitigation benefits of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) relative to internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) are highly dependent on the carbon intensity of the electricity consumed during their production and use-phase. A consistent and dynamic approach to grid-mix regionalization of BEV life-cycle assessments in Europe is therefore necessary to offer accurate guidance to consumers and policy makers. To this end, we present ReDyFEV, a simple open-source software tool that can be used to calculate attributional, regionalized lifecycle climate impacts of BEVs in Europe for user-defined time periods, including near real-time. We determine the national lifecycle carbon footprints across all EU states for four BEV size segments and compare them to those of fossil-fuelled vehicles of similar sizes. Simplified sensitivity analyses investigate the effect of lifetime assumptions, electricity demand in battery production, and of relocating battery production to Europe on the carbon footprints of BEVs.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Battery electric vehicle (BEV); Life cycle assessment; Climate change; Electrification; Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG); Software tool

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Department: Département de génie chimique
Research Center: CIRAIG - Centre international de référence sur le cycle de vie des produits, procédés et services
Funders: Research Council of Norway, International Life Cycle Chair (CIRAIG)
Grant number: 255199
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2021 10:45
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2021 01:20
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/9228/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: Journal of Cleaner Production (vol. 322)
Publisher: Elsevier
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2021.129052

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