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Field validation of generic wind park models using fault records

Aboutaleb Haddadi, Ilhan Kocar, Thomas Kauffmann, Ulas Karaagac, Evangelos Farantatos and Jean Mahseredjian

Article (2019)

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Abstract

A challenge faced by protection and planning engineers is the development and validation of accurate wind turbine generator (WTG) models to study the impact of increased wind integration on system protection. This paper is on the experimental validation of a generic electromagnetic transient-type (EMT-type) model of aggregated WTGs or wind parks suitable for transient studies. The phasor domain equivalent of the generic model, suitable for protection tools based on steady-state solvers, is also considered. The model has been validated using two sets of actual relay records for the fault response of two wind parks consisting of Type-III WTGs and connected to 115 kV and 230 kV transmission systems. The objective is to show that the generic model can reproduce the actual fault response in simulations, and protection engineers can obtain accurate models of wind parks using fault records. A distinctive characteristic of a WTG is its substantially different negative sequence fault current contribution compared to a synchronous generator. The paper shows that the generic model provides enough options to reproduce the negative sequence behavior and hence is suitable for fault studies involving negative sequence-based protection.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Renewable generation; Wind turbine generator; Doubly-fed induction generator; Short-circuit analysis; Electromagnetic transient-type model; Phasor domain model

Subjects: 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2501 Power systems
2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2502 Electromagnetics, compatibility and interference
2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2503 Circuit theory
2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2516 Energy conversion and distribution
Department: Department of Electrical Engineering
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/4921/
Journal Title: Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy (vol. 7, no. 4)
Publisher: Springer Nature
DOI: 10.1007/s40565-019-0521-x
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40565-019-0521-x
Date Deposited: 02 May 2022 15:39
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2024 18:34
Cite in APA 7: Haddadi, A., Kocar, I., Kauffmann, T., Karaagac, U., Farantatos, E., & Mahseredjian, J. (2019). Field validation of generic wind park models using fault records. Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, 7(4), 826-836. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40565-019-0521-x

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