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Linking brain stroke risk factors to human movement features for the development of preventive tools

Christian O'Reilly, Réjean Plamondon, Louise-Hélène Lebrun

Article (2014)

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Abstract

This paper uses human movement analyses to assess the susceptibility of brain stroke, one of the most important causes of disability in elders. To that end, a computerized battery of nine neuromuscular tests has been designed and evaluated with a sample of 120 subjects with or without stoke risk factors. The kinematics of the movements produced was analyzed using a computational neuromuscular model and predictive characteristics were extracted. Logistic regression and linear discriminant analysis with leave-one-out cross-validation was used to infer the probability of presence of brain stroke risk factors. The clinical potential value of movement information for stroke prevention was assessed by computing area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) for the diagnostic of risk factors based on motion analysis. AUC mostly varying between 0.6 and 0.9 were obtained, depending on the neuromuscular test and the risk factor investigated (obesity, diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, cigarette smoking, and cardiac disease). Our results support the feasibility of the proposed methodology and its potential application for the development of brain stroke prevention tools. Although further research is needed to improve this methodology and its outcome, results are promising and the proposed approach should be of great interest for many experimenters open to novel approaches in preventive medicine and in gerontology. It should also be valuable for engineers, psychologists, and researchers using human movements for the development of diagnostic and neuromuscular assessment tools.

Uncontrolled Keywords

brain stroke; human movement science; kinematical analysis; lognormal models; prevention tools; stroke risk factors

Subjects: 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering
9000 Health sciences > 9000 Health sciences
Department: Department of Electrical Engineering
Research Center: Other
Funders: CRSNG / NSERC, CRSNG / NSERC - PGS Scholarship
Grant number: RGPIN-915
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/3454/
Journal Title: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Publisher: Frontiers
DOI: 10.3389/fnagi.2014.00150
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2014.00150
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2019 13:57
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2022 14:25
Cite in APA 7: O'Reilly, C., Plamondon, R., & Lebrun, L.-H. (2014). Linking brain stroke risk factors to human movement features for the development of preventive tools. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2014.00150

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