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On the evaluation of mesh resolution for large-eddy simulation of internal flows using openfoam

Zahra Seifollahi Moghadam, François Guibault and André Garon

Article (2021)

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The central aim of this paper is to use OpenFOAM for the assessment of mesh resolution requirements for large-eddy simulation (LES) of flows similar to the ones which occur inside the draft-tube of hydraulic turbines at off-design operating conditions. The importance of this study is related to the fact that hydraulic turbines often need to be operated over an extended range of operating conditions, which makes the investigation of fluctuating stresses crucial. Scale-resolving simulation (SRS) approaches, such as LES and detached-eddy simulation (DES), have received more interests in the recent decade for understanding and mitigating unsteady operational behavior of hydro turbines. This interest is due to their ability to resolve a larger part of turbulent flows. However, verification studies in LES are very challenging, since errors in numerical discretization, but also subgrid-scale (SGS) models, are both influenced by grid resolution. A comprehensive examination of the literature shows that SRS for different operating conditions of hydraulic turbines is still quite limited and that there is no consensus on mesh resolution requirement for SRS studies. Therefore, the goal of this research is to develop a reliable framework for the validation and verification of SRS, especially LES, so that it can be applied for the investigation of flow phenomena inside hydraulic turbine draft-tube and runner at their off-design operating conditions. Two academic test cases are considered in this research, a turbulent channel flow and a case of sudden expansion. The sudden expansion test case resembles the flow inside the draft-tube of hydraulic turbines at part load. In this study, we concentrate on these academic test cases, but it is expected that hydraulic turbine flow simulations will eventually benefit from the results of the current research. The results show that two-point autocorrelation is more sensitive to mesh resolution than energy spectra. In addition, for the case of sudden expansion, the mesh resolution has a tremendous effect on the results, and, so far, we have not capture an asymptotic converging behavior in the results of Root Mean Square (RMS) of velocity fluctuations and two-point autocorrelation. This case, which represents complex flow behavior, needs further mesh resolution studies.

Uncontrolled Keywords

mesh resolution; large-eddy simulation; OpenFOAM; channel flow; sudden expansion

Subjects: 1000 Civil engineering > 1005 Hydraulic engineering
2100 Mechanical engineering > 2100 Mechanical engineering
Department: Department of Mechanical Engineering
Funders: GRSNG / NSERC - Discovery Grant, Collaborative research and Training Experience
Grant number: RGPIN-04935-2015, CREATE-481695-2016
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/9389/
Journal Title: Fluids (vol. 6, no. 1)
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/fluids6010024
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids6010024
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2023 13:35
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2024 22:27
Cite in APA 7: Seifollahi Moghadam, Z., Guibault, F., & Garon, A. (2021). On the evaluation of mesh resolution for large-eddy simulation of internal flows using openfoam. Fluids, 6(1), 24 (17 pages). https://doi.org/10.3390/fluids6010024


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