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Ecophysiological Responses of a Willow Cultivar (Salix miyabeana ‘SX67’) Irrigated with Treated Wood Leachate

Chloé Frédette, Yves Comeau and Jacques Brisson

Article (2019)

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Cite this document: Frédette, C., Comeau, Y. & Brisson, J. (2019). Ecophysiological Responses of a Willow Cultivar (Salix miyabeana ‘SX67’) Irrigated with Treated Wood Leachate. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 230(8). doi:10.1007/s11270-019-4244-4
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Abstract

As wood preservatives leach from exposed treated wood, they contaminate soil and water, creating an environmental problem that needs to be addressed. Treating this contamination is particularly challenging since it includes mixed compounds, such as heavy metals and trace elements, as well as xenobiotic organic pollutants like polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxin/furan congeners (PCDD/Fs) that are very toxic and are under very strict discharge regulations. Cultivating fast-growing willow shrubs, either in soil or in treatment wetlands, offers a flexible and inexpensive treatment option. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the tolerance of a frequently used willow cultivar (Salix miyabeana ‘SX67’) to irrigation with leachate contaminated with pentachlorophenol (PCP) and chromated chromium arsenate (CCA), two important wood preservatives. We designed a mesocosms experiment with willow grown in three different substrates and irrigated over 12 weeks with three different leachate concentrations. Willow proved to be tolerant to irrigation with the raw leachate, with only leaf area decreasing with increasing leachate concentration. However, the type of growing substrate influenced willow ecophysiological responses and overall performance, and seemed to affect contaminant dynamics in the plant-soil system. All contaminants accumulated in willow roots, and Cu and PCDD/Fs were also translocated to aerial parts. Overall, this study suggests that Salix miyabeana ‘SX67’ could be a good candidate for treating water or soil contaminated with wood preservatives.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Phytotoxicity; Phytoremediation; Wood preservatives Pentachlorophenol (PCP); Chromated copper arsenate (CCA); Polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs);

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 1000 Génie civil > 1000 Génie civil
1000 Génie civil > 1006 Génie hydrologique
1000 Génie civil > 1007 Ressources et approvisionnement en eau
Department: Département des génies civil, géologique et des mines
Research Center: Non applicable
Funders: NSERC/Hydro-Québec Industrial Research Chair, Fonds de recherche du Québec – Nature et technologies (FRQNT)
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2021 10:42
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2021 16:46
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/9092/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: Water, Air, & Soil Pollution (vol. 230, no. 8)
Publisher: Springer
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-019-4244-4

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