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A 9.2-ns to 1-μs digitally controlled multituned deadtime optimization for efficient GaN HEMT power converters

Mousa Karimi, Mohamed Ali, Amir Aghajani, Ahmad Hassan, Mohamad Sawan and Benoit Gosselin

Article (2022)

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Abstract

This paper presents a tunable new deadtime control circuit providing an optimal delay for power converter optimization. Our method can reduce the deadtime loss while improving the efficiency and power density of a given power converter. The circuit presents a reconfigurable delay element to generate a wide range of deadtime for different power conversion applications with varying loads and input voltages. The optimal deadtime equation for buck converters is derived, and its dependency on the input voltage and load is discussed. Experimental results show that the presented circuit can provide a wide range of deadtime delays, ranging from 9.2 ns to 1000 ns. The power consumption of the presented circuit is measured for different capacitive loads (CL) and operating frequencies ( f s). The circuit consumed a power between 610 µW and 850 µW across the measured deadtime ranges while CL = 12 pF, Vdd = 3.3 V, and fs = 200 kHz. The proposed deadtime generator can operate up to 18 MHz when the minimum deadtime of 9.2 ns is selected. The presented circuit occupies an area of 150µ m × 260µm. The fabricated chip is connected to a buck converter to validate the operation of the proposed circuit. The efficiency of a typical buck converter with minimum TDLH and optimal TDHL at ILoad = 25 mA is improved by 12% compared to a converter with a fixed deadtime of TDLH = TDHL = 12 ns.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Power converters; gate driver; GaN HEMT transistors; optimized deadtime control; efficiency; adjustable circuit; power consumption; load variation; different input voltage

Subjects: 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering
Department: Department of Electrical Engineering
Research Center: Polystim - Neurotechnology Laboratory
Funders: CRSNG/NSERC, MITACS, CMC Microsystems, Quebec Strategic Alliance in Microsystems (ReSMiQ), Canada Research Chair in Smart Biomedical Microsystems
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/51255/
Journal Title: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers (vol. 69, no. 11)
Publisher: IEEE
DOI: 10.1109/tcsi.2022.3187105
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsi.2022.3187105
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2023 14:58
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2024 23:18
Cite in APA 7: Karimi, M., Ali, M., Aghajani, A., Hassan, A., Sawan, M., & Gosselin, B. (2022). A 9.2-ns to 1-μs digitally controlled multituned deadtime optimization for efficient GaN HEMT power converters. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, 69(11), 4381-4394. https://doi.org/10.1109/tcsi.2022.3187105

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