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What Are the Domestic and Regional Impacts From Ethiopia's Policy on the Export Ban of Teff?

Sriram Sankaranarayanan, Ying Zhang, Jess Carney, Yalemzewd Nigussie, Befikadu Esayas, Belay Simane, Benjamin Zaitchik and Sauleh Siddiqui

Article (2020)

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In response to global food price volatility and trends toward increased global food demand, Ethiopian policy makers were forced to adopt strategies such as restricting food exports in order to protect domestic food security. However, these policies can have a disproportionate regional impact on domestic markets and can result in lost revenue from exports. For this reason, they have been criticized as inefficient from the perspective of economic development. Here, we examine the sub-national dynamics of a ban on food exports. We do this for the case of Ethiopia’s ban on exports of teff, a staple grain in the country that has increasing global demand. We assess the impact of the ban and of proposed policies to relax the ban, across regions within the country and for various market actors along the teff value chain. Using a partial-equilibrium model developed with a detailed modeling of the agro-economic features of the country, we analyze the direct impacts on export revenue, producers’ profits, transport patterns, and consumption across the disaggregated regions in Ethiopia due to changes to its teff export policy. In particular, we show that the immediate benefit due to significant increase in international revenue due to large teff export would be enjoyed primarily by food distributors and storage operators while the crop producers’ profits increase only negligibly. Simulations also indicate that lifting the export ban would be expected to have significant impacts on domestic transportation of teff between regions (for example from Mekelle to Werder), and to reduce consumption of teff significantly in some regions (for example, Semera, Jijiga), an effect due to the lack of competition in the transportation sector. The granularity of the model helps us capture the possibility of such lopsided benefits which were not captured in earlier studies.

Uncontrolled Keywords

food policy; food exports; ethiopia; food supply chain; policy analyses.

Subjects: 1600 Industrial engineering > 1600 Industrial engineering
Department: Department of Mathematics and Industrial Engineering
Funders: NSF
Grant number: 1639214
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/45346/
Journal Title: Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems (vol. 4)
Publisher: Frontiers Media
DOI: 10.3389/fsufs.2020.00004
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2020.00004
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2023 15:01
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2023 01:20
Cite in APA 7: Sankaranarayanan, S., Zhang, Y., Carney, J., Nigussie, Y., Esayas, B., Simane, B., Zaitchik, B., & Siddiqui, S. (2020). What Are the Domestic and Regional Impacts From Ethiopia's Policy on the Export Ban of Teff? Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 4, 4 (14 pages). https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2020.00004


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