<  Back to the Polytechnique Montréal portal

Design of robust networks. Application to the design of wind farm cabling networks.

Thomas Ridremont

PhD thesis (2019)

[img] Restricted to: Repository staff only until 12 June 2020.
Cite this document: Ridremont, T. (2019). Design of robust networks. Application to the design of wind farm cabling networks. (PhD thesis, Polytechnique Montréal). Retrieved from https://publications.polymtl.ca/3889/
Show abstract Hide abstract

Abstract

RÉSUMÉ: Aujourd’hui, la conception de réseaux est une problématique cruciale qui se pose dans beaucoup de domaines tels que le transport ou l’énergie. En particulier, il est devenu nécessaire d’optimiser la façon dont sont conçus les réseaux permettant de produire de l’énergie. On se concentre ici sur la production électrique produite à travers des parcs éoliens. Cette énergie apparait plus que jamais comme une bonne alternative à la production d’électricité via des centrales thermiques ou nucléaires. Nous nous intéressons dans cette thèse à la conception du câblage collectant l’énergie dans les parcs éoliens. On connaît alors la position de l’ensemble des éoliennes appartenant au parc ainsi que celle du site central collecteur vers laquelle l’énergie doit être acheminée. On connaît également la position des câbles que l’on peut construire, leurs capacités, et la position des noeuds d’interconnexion possibles. Il s’agit de déterminer un câblage de coût minimal permettant de relier l’ensemble des éoliennes à la sous-station, tel que celui-ci soit résistant à un certain nombre de pannes sur le réseau. Mots clés: Recherche opérationnelle, Optimisation combinatoire, Conception de réseaux robustes, Théorie des graphes, Programmation en nombres entiers, Câblage de parcs éoliens.----------ABSTRACT: Nowadays, the design of networks has become a decisive problematic which appears in many fields such as transport or energy. In particular, it has become necessary and important to optimize the way in which networks used to produce, collect or transport energy are designed. We focus in this thesis on electricity produced through wind farms. The production of energy by wind turbines appears more than ever like a good alternative to the electrical production of thermal or nuclear power plants, giving that both of those production can have harmful consequences on the environment. It has then become necessary to optimize the design and construction of such networks. We focus in this thesis on the design of the cabling network which allows to collect and route the energy from the wind turbines to a sub-station, linking the wind farm to the electrical network. In this problem, we know the location of each wind turbine of the farm and the one of the sub-station. We also know the location of possible inter-connection nodes which allow to connect different cables between them. Each wind turbine produces a known quantity of energy and with each cable are associated a cost and a capacity (the maximum amount of energy that can be routed through this cable). The optimization problem that we consider is to select a set of cables of minimum cost such that the energy produced from the wind turbines can be routed to the sub-station in the network induced by this set of cables, without exceeding the capacity of each cable. We focus on cabling networks resilient to breakdowns. Keywords : Operations Research, Combinatorial optimization, Robust networks design, Graph theory, Mixed integer programming, Wind farm cabling networks.

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Department: Département de mathématiques et de génie industriel
Dissertation/thesis director: Alain Hertz, Marie-Christine Costa and Cédric Bentz
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2019 11:39
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2019 16:04
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/3889/

Statistics

Total downloads

Downloads per month in the last year

Origin of downloads

Repository Staff Only