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A 12-week cycling training regimen improves upper limb functions in people with Parkinson's disease

Alexandra Nadeau, Ovidiu Lungu, Arnaud Bore, Réjean Plamondon, Catherine Duchesne, Marie-Ève Robillard, Florian Bobeuf, Anne-Louise Lafontaine, Freja Gheysen, Louis Bherer and Julien Doyon

Article (2018)

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Cite this document: Nadeau, A., Lungu, O., Bore, A., Plamondon, R., Duchesne, C., Robillard, M.-È., ... Doyon, J. (2018). A 12-week cycling training regimen improves upper limb functions in people with Parkinson's disease. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 12. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2018.00351
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Abstract

Background: It has been proposed that physical exercise can help improve upper limb functions in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients; yet evidence for this hypothesis is limited. Objective: To assess the effects of aerobic exercise training (AET) on general upper limb functions in sedentary people with PD and healthy adults (HA). Methods: Two groups, 19 PD patients (Hoehn & Yahr </= 2) and 20 HA, matched on age and sedentary level, followed a 3-month stationary bicycle AET regimen. We used the kinematic theory framework to characterize and quantify the different motor control commands involved in performing simple upper-limb movements as drawing lines. Repeated measures ANCOVA models were used to assess the effect of AET in each group, as well as the difference between groups following the training regimen. Results: At baseline, PD individuals had a larger antagonist response, a longer elapsed time between the visual stimulus and the end of the movement, and a longer time of displacement of the stylus than the HA. Following the 12-week AET, PD participants showed significant decreases of the agonist and antagonist commands, as well as the antagonist response spread. A significant group ( *) session interaction effect was observed for the agonist command and the response spread of the antagonist command, suggesting a significant change for these two parameters only in PD patients following the AET. Among the differences observed at baseline, only the difference for the time of movement remained after AET. Conclusion: A 3-month AET has a significant positive impact on the capacity to draw lines in a more efficiency way, in PD patients, indicating an improvement in the upper limb motor function.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Parkinson's disease; aerobic; exercise; stationary bicycle; upper limb function

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 2500 Génie électrique et électronique > 2500 Génie électrique et électronique
9000 Sciences de la santé > 9000 Sciences de la santé
Department: Département de génie électrique
Research Center: Non applicable
Funders: CRSNG/NSERC, Parkinson Society Canada, Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec (FRQS)
Grant number: RGPIN-2015-06409, 2014-709
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2020 16:41
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2020 01:20
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/3569/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (vol. 12)
Publisher: Frontiers
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00351

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