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Exploring Powered Wheelchair Users and Their Caregivers' Perspectives on Potential Intelligent Power Wheelchair Use: A Qualitative Study

Dahlia Kairy, Paula Rushton, Philippe Archambault, Evelina Pituch, Caryne Torkia, Anas El Fathi, Paula Stone, François Routhier, Robert Forget, Louise Demers, Joelle Pineau and Richard Gourdeau

Article (2014)

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Abstract

Power wheelchairs (PWCs) can have a positive impact on user well-being, self-esteem, pain, activity and participation. Newly developed intelligent power wheelchairs (IPWs), allowing autonomous or collaboratively-controlled navigation, could enhance mobility of individuals not able to use, or having difficulty using, standard PWCs. The objective of this study was to explore the perspectives of PWC users (PWUs) and their caregivers regarding if and how IPWs could impact on current challenges faced by PWUs, as well as inform current development of IPWs. A qualitative exploratory study using individual interviews was conducted with PWUs (n = 12) and caregivers (n = 4). A semi-structured interview guide and video were used to facilitate informed discussion regarding IPWs. Thematic analysis revealed three main themes: (1) "challenging situations that may be overcome by an IPW" described how the IPW features of obstacle avoidance, path following, and target following could alleviate PWUs' identified mobility difficulties; (2) "cautious optimism concerning IPW use revealed participants" addresses concerns regarding using an IPW as well as technological suggestions; (3) "defining the potential IPW user" revealed characteristics of PWUs that would benefit from IPW use. Findings indicate how IPW use may help overcome PWC difficulties and confirm the importance of user input in the ongoing development of IPWs.

Uncontrolled Keywords

DOAJ:Health Sciences; obstacle-avoidance; Public aspects of medicine; Article; path following; safety; intelligent power wheelchair; navigation; user-centered design; RA1-1270; R; disability; Medicine; mobility; DOAJ:Public Health

Subjects: 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering
Department: Department of Electrical Engineering
Funders: Réseau québécois de recherche sur le vieillissement (RQRV), Centre de recherche interdisciplinaire en réadaptation du Montréal métropolitain (CRIR-PSI), CRSNG / NSERC, Fonds québécois de la recherche sur la nature et les technologies (FQRNT) (Regroupement stratégique INTER)
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/3457/
Journal Title: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (vol. 11, no. 2)
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph110202244
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110202244
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2018 15:32
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2023 00:52
Cite in APA 7: Kairy, D., Rushton, P., Archambault, P., Pituch, E., Torkia, C., El Fathi, A., Stone, P., Routhier, F., Forget, R., Demers, L., Pineau, J., & Gourdeau, R. (2014). Exploring Powered Wheelchair Users and Their Caregivers' Perspectives on Potential Intelligent Power Wheelchair Use: A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(2), 2244-2261. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110202244

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