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Rheological and foaming behavior of linear and branched polylactides

Naqi Najafi Chaloupli, Marie-Claude Heuzey, Pierre Carreau, Daniel Therriault, Chul B. Park

Article (2014)

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Abstract

In this work, a chain extender (CE), Joncryl © ADR, was added to a polylactide (PLA) at two concentrations, 0.4 and 0.7 wt%, using two different strategies. The rheological properties and foamability of the neat PLA and PLA containing the CE were studied. The steady and transient rheological properties of the neat PLA and CE-treated PLAs revealed that the introduction of the CE profoundly affected the melt viscosity and elasticity. The linear viscoelastic properties of CE-enriched PLAs suggested that a long chain branching (LCB) structure was formed from the reaction with the CE. LCB-PLAs exhibited an increased viscosity, more shear sensitivity, and longer relaxation time in comparison with the linear PLA. The LCB structure was also found to affect the transient shear stress growth and elongational flow behavior. LCB-PLAs exhibited a pronounced strain hardening, whereas no strain hardening was observed for the linear PLA. Batch foaming of the linear and LCB-PLAs was also examined at foaming temperatures of 130, 140, and 155 ᵒC. The LCB structure significantly increased the integrity of the cells, cell density and void fraction.

Uncontrolled Keywords

polylactide; long chain branching; rheological properties; foaming behavior

Additional Information: Titre du manuscrit: Rheological and foaming behavior of polylactide with different molecular structures
Subjects: 1800 Chemical engineering > 1800 Chemical engineering
1800 Chemical engineering > 1808 Rheology and processing
2100 Mechanical engineering > 2100 Mechanical engineering
Department: Department of Chemical Engineering
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Research Center: CREPEC - Center for Applied Research on Polymers and Composites
Funders: Auto 21 (Canada's automotive R&D program), NCE (Networks of Centres of Excellence of Canada)
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/10410/
Journal Title: Rheologica Acta (vol. 53, no. 10-11)
Publisher: Springer
DOI: 10.1007/s00397-014-0801-3
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00397-014-0801-3
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2022 10:28
Last Modified: 21 Nov 2022 19:41
Cite in APA 7: Najafi Chaloupli, N., Heuzey, M.-C., Carreau, P., Therriault, D., & Park, C. B. (2014). Rheological and foaming behavior of linear and branched polylactides. Rheologica Acta, 53(10-11), 779-790. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00397-014-0801-3

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