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Manufacturing composite beams reinforced with three-dimensionally patterned-oriented carbon nanotubes through microfluidic infiltration

Rouhollah Dermanaki Farahani, Maryam Pahlavanpour, Hamid Dalir, Brahim Aïssa, My Ali El Khakani, Martin Lévesque and Daniel Therriault

Article (2012)

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Abstract

Functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs)/epoxy nanocomposite suspensions were prepared and injected into three-dimensional (3D) interconnected microfluidic networks in order to fabricate composite beams reinforced with patterned-oriented nanotubes. The microfluidic networks were fabricated by the robotized direct deposition of fugitive ink filaments in a layer-by-layer sequence onto substrates, followed by their epoxy encapsulation and the ink removal. Then, the nanocomposite suspensions prepared by ultrasonication and three-roll mill mixing methods were injected into the empty networks under two different controlled and constant pressures in order to subject the suspensions to different shear conditions in the microchannels. Morphological studies revealed that the SWCNTs were preferentially aligned in the microchannels along the flow direction at the higher injection pressure. The improvement of Young's modulus of the manufactured 3D-reinforced rectangular beams prepared at the high injection pressure was almost doubled when compared to that of beams prepared at the low injection pressure. Finally, the stiffness of the 3D-reinforced beams was compared with the theoretically predicted values obtained from a micromechanical model. The analytical predictions give a close estimation of the stiffness at different micro-injection conditions. Based on the experimental and theoretical results, the present manufacturing technique enables the spatial orientation of nanotube in the final product by taking advantage of shear flow combined with dimensional constraining inside the microfluidic channels.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Nanocomposites, Nanotube orientation, Analytical modeling

Subjects: 1700 Design and manufacturing > 1702 Advanced manufacturing
2000 Materials science and technology > 2007 Composites
2100 Mechanical engineering > 2100 Mechanical engineering
Department: Department of Mechanical Engineering
Research Center: CREPEC - Center for Applied Research on Polymers and Composites
Funders: FQRNT (Le Fonds Québécois de la Recherche sur la Nature et les Technologies), CRSNG/NSERC, Plasma-Québec (le Réseau Stratégique du FQRNT sur la Science et Technologies des Plasmas)
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/10398/
Journal Title: Materials & Design (vol. 41)
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2012.05.005
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.05.005
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2022 12:10
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2024 23:21
Cite in APA 7: Farahani, R. D., Pahlavanpour, M., Dalir, H., Aïssa, B., Khakani, M. A. E., Lévesque, M., & Therriault, D. (2012). Manufacturing composite beams reinforced with three-dimensionally patterned-oriented carbon nanotubes through microfluidic infiltration. Materials & Design, 41, 214-225. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.05.005

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