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A low‐temperature SPR‐based assay for monoclonal antibody galactosylation and fucosylation assessment using FcγRIIA/B

Jimmy Gaudreault, Catherine Forest‐Nault, Michel Gilbert, Yves Durocher, Olivier Henry and Gregory De Crescenzo

Article (2024)

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Abstract

Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are powerful therapeutic tools in modern medicine and represent a rapidly expanding multibillion USD market. While bioprocesses are generally well understood and optimized for MAbs, online quality control remains challenging. Notably, N-glycosylation is a critical quality attribute of MAbs as it affects binding to Fcγ receptors (FcγRs), impacting the efficacy and safety of MAbs. Traditional N-glycosylation characterization methods are ill-suited for online monitoring of a bioreactor; in contrast, surface plasmon resonance (SPR) represents a promising avenue, as SPR biosensors can record MAb–FcγR interactions in real-time and without labeling. In this study, we produced five lots of differentially glycosylated Trastuzumab (TZM) and finely characterized their glycosylation profile by HILIC-UPLC chromatography. We then compared the interaction kinetics of these MAb lots with four FcγRs including FcγRIIA and FcγRIIB at 5°C and 25°C. When interacting with FcγRIIA/B at low temperature, the differentially glycosylated MAb lots exhibited distinct kinetic behaviors, contrary to room-temperature experiments. Galactosylated TZM (1) and core fucosylated TZM (2) could be discriminated and even quantified using an analytical technique based on the area under the curve of the signal recorded during the dissociation phase of a SPR sensorgram describing the interaction with FcγRIIA (1) or FcγRII2B (2). Because of the rapidity of the proposed method (<5 min per measurement) and the small sample concentration it requires (as low as 30 nM, exact concentration not required), it could be a valuable process analytical technology for MAb glycosylation monitoring.

Funders: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/57583/
Journal Title: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Publisher: Wiley
DOI: 10.1002/bit.28673
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.28673
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2024 14:57
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2024 03:27
Cite in APA 7: Gaudreault, J., Forest‐Nault, C., Gilbert, M., Durocher, Y., Henry, O., & De Crescenzo, G. (2024). A low‐temperature SPR‐based assay for monoclonal antibody galactosylation and fucosylation assessment using FcγRIIA/B. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 15 pages. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.28673

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