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Intellectual contributions meriting authorship: Survey results from the top cited authors across all science categories

Gregory Scott Patience, Federico Galli, Paul A. Patience and Daria Camilla Boffito

Article (2019)

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Abstract

Authorship is the currency of an academic career for which the number of papers researchers publish demonstrates creativity, productivity, and impact. To discourage coercive authorship practices and inflated publication records, journals require authors to affirm and detail their intellectual contributions but this strategy has been unsuccessful as authorship lists continue to grow. Here, we surveyed close to 6000 of the top cited authors in all science categories with a list of 25 research activities that we adapted from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) authorship guidelines. Responses varied widely from individuals in the same discipline, same level of experience, and same geographic region. Most researchers agreed with the NIH criteria and grant authorship to individuals who draft the manuscript, analyze and interpret data, and propose ideas. However, thousands of the researchers also value supervision and contributing comments to the manuscript, whereas the NIH recommends discounting these activities when attributing authorship. People value the minutiae of research beyond writing and data reduction: researchers in the humanities value it less than those in pure and applied sciences; individuals from Far East Asia and Middle East and Northern Africa value these activities more than anglophones and northern Europeans. While developing national and international collaborations, researchers must recognize differences in peoples values while assigning authorship.

Uncontrolled Keywords

*Authorship; Humans; *National Institutes of Health (U.S.); *Publishing; *Research Personnel; United States

Subjects: 1800 Chemical engineering > 1800 Chemical engineering
2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering
7000 Other studies in natural sciences and engineering > 7000 Other studies in natural sciences and engineering
Department: Department of Chemical Engineering
Department of Electrical Engineering
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/5077/
Journal Title: PLOS One (vol. 14, no. 1)
Publisher: PLOS
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198117
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198117
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2022 14:35
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2024 15:09
Cite in APA 7: Patience, G. S., Galli, F., Patience, P. A., & Boffito, D. C. (2019). Intellectual contributions meriting authorship: Survey results from the top cited authors across all science categories. PLOS One, 14(1), e0198117. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198117

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