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Identification of factors affecting bacterial abundance and community structures in a full-scale chlorinated drinking water distribution system

Vanessa C. F. Dias, Audrey-Anne Durand, Philippe Constant, Michèle Prévost and Émilie Bédard

Article (2019)

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Abstract

Disentangling factors influencing suspended bacterial community structure across distribution system and building plumbing provides insight into microbial control strategies from source to tap. Water quality parameters (residence time, chlorine, and total cells) and bacterial community structure were investigated across a full-scale chlorinated drinking water distribution system. Sampling was conducted in treated water, in different areas of the distribution system and in hospital building plumbing. Bacterial community was evaluated using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Bacterial community structure clearly differed between treated, distributed, and premise plumbing water samples. While Proteobacteria (60%), Planctomycetes (20%), and Bacteroidetes (10%) were the most abundant phyla in treated water, Proteobacteria largely dominated distribution system sites (98%) and taps (91%). Distributed and tap water differed in their Proteobacteria profile: Alphaproteobacteria was dominant in distributed water (92% vs. 65% in tap waters), whereas Betaproteobacteria was most abundant in tap water (18% vs. 2% in the distribution system). Finally, clustering of bacterial community profiles was largely explained by differences in chlorine residual concentration, total bacterial count, and water residence time. Residual disinfectant and hydraulic residence time were determinant factors of the community structure in main pipes and building plumbing, rather than treated water bacterial communities.

Uncontrolled Keywords

drinking water distribution system; chlorine residual; residence time; high-throughput sequencing; building plumbing; bacterial community structure

Subjects: 1000 Civil engineering > 1000 Civil engineering
1000 Civil engineering > 1007 Water resources and supply
5200 Microbiology > 5201 Bacteriology
Department: Department of Civil, Geological and Mining Engineering
Funders: CRSNG/NSERC Industrial Chair on Drinking Water
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/4845/
Journal Title: Water (vol. 11, no. 3)
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/w11030627
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030627
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2021 11:10
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2024 11:18
Cite in APA 7: Dias, V. C. F., Durand, A.-A., Constant, P., Prévost, M., & Bédard, É. (2019). Identification of factors affecting bacterial abundance and community structures in a full-scale chlorinated drinking water distribution system. Water, 11(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030627

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