<  Back to the Polytechnique Montréal portal

Novel method to simultaneously adjust the size and pH value of individual microdroplets in silicone oil

Gengchao Chen, Xianmin Zhang and Ning Li

Article (2019)

Published Version
Terms of Use: Creative Commons Attribution .
Download (5MB)
Cite this document: Chen, G., Zhang, X. & Li, N. (2019). Novel method to simultaneously adjust the size and pH value of individual microdroplets in silicone oil. IEEE Access, 7, p. 114183-114190. doi:10.1109/access.2019.2925771
Show abstract Hide abstract


In this paper, a strategy to modify each micro-droplet’s volume and synchronously adjust its pH value as required based on the electrolysis reaction in silicone oil is demonstrated. A pair of platinum electrodes fixed onto the jaws of a vernier caliper was used to modify the micro-droplet’s volume and adjust its pH value by simply adjusting the distance between the two electrodes. To get a micro-droplet with desirable volume and pH values, three models, the relationship between the droplet’s volume and its diameter when the droplet was placed on a fluorinated ethylene propylene (FEP)–covered glass substrate, the relationship between the distance of the two electrodes and the size of the resulted micro-droplet, and the relationship between the pH value and the micro-droplet’s consuming rate, were built through the least square method. In our experiments, a droplet (5% sodium chloride solution, 1.4 uL, pH = 7) could consume 98.9% of its initial volume and form a new droplet with a volume of 0.016 µL and pH of 12.2. In addition, to validate that this method is also suitable in the acid and alkaline solutions, 0.001 mol/L NaOH and H2SO4 solutions were, respectively, operated using the same procedure. Both the volume and pH values could be controlled, which proved the potential application of our proposed method in analytical chemistry, precision engineering, and so on.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Microdroplet, electrolysis, pH value

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 1900 Génie biomédical > 1900 Génie biomédical
Department: Département de génie informatique et génie logiciel
Institut de génie biomédical
Research Center: Non applicable
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2021 15:53
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2021 01:20
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/4819/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: IEEE Access (vol. 7)
Publisher: IEEE
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2019.2925771


Total downloads

Downloads per month in the last year

Origin of downloads


Repository Staff Only