<  Back to the Polytechnique Montréal portal

Estimating latent cycling and walking trips in Montréal

Catherine Morency, Hubert Verreault and Alexis Frappier

Article (2020)

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Open Access to the full text of this document
Accepted Version
Terms of Use: All rights reserved
Download (621kB)
Show abstract
Hide abstract


Many cities adopt strategies to increase the modal share of walking and cycling, aiming to reduce the negative impacts of car trips. Despite such projects, strategies and infrastructure promoting active modes, modal shares of walking (10.1%) and cycling (1.6%) remain relatively small compared to the car (54.3%) in the Greater Montreal Area. In this context, it seems relevant to access the upper bound of the potential of cycling and walking. This paper proposes a methodology to estimate the latent walking and cycling trips in an urban area using large scale Origin-Destination (OD) data. The method builds on previous research and accounts for the distance overlapping zone for walking and cycling trips to obtain a pooled estimation of active transportation latent trips. The methodology is mainly based on a sequential process using trips reported during the 2013 OD survey in Montreal. Results show that 5.2% of daily motorized trips (427,813 trips) could be made by walking and 19.4% (1,605,244 trips) by cycling. From these, 57.1% were made as car drivers. 2.8% of motorized trips could be transferred to both walking and cycling. These trips were allocated to either walking or cycling using an overlapping process based on trip distance: 45.9% of them (1.3% of total trips) are transferred to latent walking trips and 54.1% (1.5% of total trips) to latent cycling trips. When we consider latent trips, modal share of walking and cycling would respectively increase from 10.1% to 14.7% and from 1.6% to 18.7% while share of car driver would decrease from 54.3% to 42.5%.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Cycling; household survey; latent trips; threshold distance; walking

Department: Department of Civil, Geological and Mining Engineering
Research Center: Other
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/41866/
Journal Title: International Journal of Sustainable Transportation (vol. 14, no. 5)
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/15568318.2018.1558467
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2018.1558467
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2023 15:01
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2024 16:59
Cite in APA 7: Morency, C., Verreault, H., & Frappier, A. (2020). Estimating latent cycling and walking trips in Montréal. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 14(5), 349-360. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568318.2018.1558467


Total downloads

Downloads per month in the last year

Origin of downloads


Repository Staff Only

View Item View Item