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Antibacterial activity of neat chitosan powder and flakes

Nury Ardila, France Daigle, Marie-Claude Heuzey and Abdellah Ajji

Article (2017)

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Abstract

This study investigates the antibacterial activity of neat chitosan powder and flakes against three different bacterial species, Escherichia coli, Listeria innocua and Staphylococcus aureus, which are frequent causes of food spoilage. The effect of chitosan concentration and purity, as well as the influence of temperature, ionic strength (salt) and impact of a solid physical support in the medium are examined. Results show that the antibacterial activity of neat chitosan: (i) requires partial solubilisation; (ii) can be promoted by environmental factors such as adequate temperature range, ionic strength and the presence of a solid physical support that may facilitate the attachment of bacteria; (iii) depends on bacterial species, with a sensitivity order of E. coli &gt; L. innocua &gt; S. aureus; and (iv) increases with chitosan concentration, up to a critical point above which this effect decreases. The latter may be due to remaining proteins in chitosan acting as nutrients for bacteria therefore limiting its antibacterial activity. These results on the direct use of chitosan powder and flakes as potential antimicrobial agents for food protection at pH values lower than the chitosan pK(a) (6.2-6.7) are promising.

Uncontrolled Keywords

E. coli; L. innocua; S. aureus; antibacterial activity; chitosan; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Bacterial Adhesion; Chitosan; Colony Count, Microbial; Escherichia coli; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration; Listeria; Microbial Viability; Osmolar Concentration; Particle Size; Powders; Staphylococcus aureus; Temperature; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Powders; Chitosan

Subjects: 1800 Chemical engineering > 1800 Chemical engineering
1800 Chemical engineering > 1808 Rheology and processing
3750 Polymer chemistry > 3754 Biopolymers
Department: Department of Chemical Engineering
Research Center: CREPEC - Center for Applied Research on Polymers and Composites
Funders: Fonds de recherche du Québec--Nature et technologies (FRQNT)
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/3535/
Journal Title: Molecules (vol. 22, no. 1)
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/molecules22010100
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22010100
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2018 16:05
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2024 12:08
Cite in APA 7: Ardila, N., Daigle, F., Heuzey, M.-C., & Ajji, A. (2017). Antibacterial activity of neat chitosan powder and flakes. Molecules, 22(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22010100

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