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The duration of motor responses evoked with intracortical microstimulation in rats is primarily modulated by stimulus amplitude and train duration

Meghan Watson, Mohamad Sawan and Numa Dancause

Article (2016)

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Cite this document: Watson, M., Sawan, M. & Dancause, N. (2016). The duration of motor responses evoked with intracortical microstimulation in rats is primarily modulated by stimulus amplitude and train duration. PLoS ONE, 11(7), p. 1-16. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0159441
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Abstract

Microstimulation of brain tissue plays a key role in a variety of sensory prosthetics, clinical therapies and research applications, however the effects of stimulation parameters on the responses they evoke remain widely unknown. In particular, the effects of parameters when delivered in the form of a stimulus train as opposed to a single pulse are not well understood despite the prevalence of stimulus train use. We aimed to investigate the contribution of each parameter of a stimulus train to the duration of the motor responses they evoke in forelimb muscles. We used constant-current, biphasic, square wave pulse trains in acute terminal experiments under ketamine anaesthesia. Stimulation parameters were systematically tested in a pair-wise fashion in the caudal forelimb region of the motor cortex in 7 Sprague-Dawley rats while motor evoked potential (MEP) recordings from the forelimb were used to quantify the influence of each parameter in the train. Stimulus amplitude and train duration were shown to be the dominant parameters responsible for increasing the total duration of the MEP, while interphase interval had no effect. Increasing stimulus frequency from 100200 Hz or pulse duration from 0.18-0.34 ms were also effective methods of extending response durations. Response duration was strongly correlated with peak time and amplitude. Our findings suggest that motor cortex intracortical microstimulations are often conducted at a higher frequency rate and longer train duration than necessary to evoke maximal response duration. We demonstrated that the temporal properties of the evoked response can be both predicted by certain response metrics and modulated via alterations to the stimulation signal parameters.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Animals; Electric Stimulation; Evoked Potentials, Motor; Female; Motor Cortex; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted; Time Factors

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 1900 Génie biomédical > 1900 Génie biomédical
Department: Institut de génie biomédical
Research Center: Autre
Funders: CRSNG/NSERC, Canada Research Chair
Grant number: RGPIN 402663-2011, RGPIN 121928-12
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2018 12:41
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2018 01:20
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/3516/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: PLoS ONE (vol. 11, no. 7)
Publisher: PLOS
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159441

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