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Environmental screening of electrode materials for a rechargeable aluminum battery with an AlCl3/EMIMCl electrolyte

Linda Ellingsen, Alex Holland, Jean-Francois Drillet, Willi Peters, Martin Eckert, Carlos Concepcion, Oscar Ruiz, Jean-François Colin, Etienne Knipping, Qiaoyan Pan, Richard Wills and Guillaume Majeau-Bettez

Article (2018)

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Cite this document: Ellingsen, L., Holland, A., Drillet, J.-F., Peters, W., Eckert, M., Concepcion, C., ... Majeau-Bettez, G. (2018). Environmental screening of electrode materials for a rechargeable aluminum battery with an AlCl3/EMIMCl electrolyte. Materials, 11(6), p. 936. doi:10.3390/ma11060936
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Abstract

Recently, rechargeable aluminum batteries have received much attention due to their low cost, easy operation, and high safety. As the research into rechargeable aluminum batteries with a room-temperature ionic liquid electrolyte is relatively new, research efforts have focused on finding suitable electrode materials. An understanding of the environmental aspects of electrode materials is essential to make informed and conscious decisions in aluminum battery development. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the relative environmental performance of electrode material candidates for rechargeable aluminum batteries with an AlCl3/EMIMCl (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride) room-temperature ionic liquid electrolyte. To this end, we used a lifecycle environmental screening framework to evaluate 12 candidate electrode materials. We found that all of the studied materials are associated with one or more drawbacks and therefore do not represent a “silver bullet” for the aluminum battery. Even so, some materials appeared more promising than others did. We also found that aluminum battery technology is likely to face some of the same environmental challenges as Li-ion technology but also offers an opportunity to avoid others. The insights provided here can aid aluminum battery development in an environmentally sustainable direction.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Al-ion battery; rechargeable aluminum battery; electrode materials; anode material; cathode material; electrical energy storage; climate mitigation; environmental screening; sustainable development

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 1800 Génie chimique > 1800 Génie chimique
2500 Génie électrique et électronique > 2500 Génie électrique et électronique
Department: Département de génie chimique
Research Center: CIRAIG - Centre international de référence sur le cycle de vie des produits, procédés et services
Funders: Horizon 2020, EPSRC CDT in Energy Storage and its Applications
Grant number: 646286, EP/L016818/1
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2018 14:49
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2018 16:13
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/3244/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: Materials (vol. 11, no. 6)
Publisher: MDPI
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11060936

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