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On the average perception of perceived averages

Vanessa C. Harvey, Patrice Farand, Robert Legros and Jason Robert Tavares

Article (2015)

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Cite this document: Harvey, V. C., Farand, P., Legros, R. & Tavares, J. R. (2015). On the average perception of perceived averages. Education for Chemical Engineers, 12, p. 12-19. doi:10.1016/j.ece.2015.06.002
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Abstract

The Chemical Engineering curriculum at Polytechnique Montreal is structured to gradually provide more and more autonomy to the students. The third-year Unit Operations is taught using an outcomes-based approach and represents a turning point in the undergraduate curriculum where rubrics-based assessments overtake normative assessments. This begs the question: is it really necessary to divulge the average to students following assessments? Those from a more industrial background see the average as an unnecessary crutch for students, while the more academically inclined see it as a useful pedagogical tool to provide feedback and help students determine if they have attained their learning objectives. To settle this debate, we set into motion a yearlong study during which the average results to tests were withheld. Students were asked to predict their grade and the class average, and provide feedback on the assessment process. Results show that students are able to predict the average, but have difficulty predicting their individual performance (especially before a test, where more than 50% of students are off by a factor of more than 10%). Students award more importance to their personal sense of learning satisfaction than their position with respect to the average, and do not systematically use the average to plan study time (despite preferring to know it). Thus, it may be possible to substitute alternate frames of reference to the class average in an outcomes-based course, but this is not necessarily desirable and should at the very least be the subject of a more open discussion.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Averages, Outcomes-based approach, Chemical engineering, Unit operations, Gender, Perception

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 1800 Génie chimique > 1800 Génie chimique
Department: Département de génie chimique
Research Center: Non applicable
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2017 14:43
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2018 16:12
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/2782/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: Education for Chemical Engineers (vol. 12)
Publisher: Elsevier
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ece.2015.06.002

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