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Nanotechnology for environmentally sustainable electromobility

Linda Ager-Wick Ellingsen, Christine Roxanne Hung, Guillaume Majeau-Bettez, Bhawna Singh, Zhongwei Chen, M. Stanley Whittingham and Anders Hammer Strømman

Article (2016)

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Cite this document: Ellingsen, L. A.-W., Hung, C. R., Majeau-Bettez, G., Singh, B., Chen, Z., Whittingham, M. S. & Strømman, A. H. (2016). Nanotechnology for environmentally sustainable electromobility. Nature Nanotechnology, 11(12), p. 1039-1051. doi:10.1038/nnano.2016.237
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Abstract

Electric vehicles (EVs) powered by lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) or proton exchange membrane hydrogen fuel cells (PEMFCs) offer important potential climate change mitigation effects when combined with clean energy sources. The development of novel nanomaterials may bring about the next wave of technical improvements for LIBs and PEMFCs. If the next generation of EVs is to lead to not only reduced emissions during use but also environmentally sustainable production chains, the research on nanomaterials for LIBs and PEMFCs should be guided by a life-cycle perspective. In this Analysis, we describe an environmental life-cycle screening framework tailored to assess nanomaterials for electromobility. By applying this framework, we offer an early evaluation of the most promising nanomaterials for LIBs and PEMFCs and their potential contributions to the environmental sustainability of EV life cycles. Potential environmental trade-offs and gaps in nanomaterials research are identified to provide guidance for future nanomaterial developments for electromobility.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Batteries, Fuel cells, Nanoscience and technology

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 1000 Génie civil > 1003 Génie du transport
1500 Génie de l'environnement > 1500 Génie de l'environnement
2500 Génie électrique et électronique > 2500 Génie électrique et électronique
Department: Département de génie chimique
Research Center: CIRAIG - Centre international de référence sur le cycle de vie des produits, procédés et services
Funders: Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Norges forskningsråd, European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme
Grant number: 209697, 646286
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2017 09:40
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2018 16:12
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/2459/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: Nature Nanotechnology (vol. 11, no. 12)
Publisher: Springer Nature
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2016.237

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