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Nanotechnology for environmentally sustainable electromobility

Linda Ager-Wick Ellingsen, Christine Roxanne Hung, Guillaume Majeau-Bettez, Bhawna Singh, Zhongwei Chen, M. Stanley Whittingham and Anders Hammer Strømman

Article (2016)

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Abstract

Electric vehicles (EVs) powered by lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) or proton exchange membrane hydrogen fuel cells (PEMFCs) offer important potential climate change mitigation effects when combined with clean energy sources. The development of novel nanomaterials may bring about the next wave of technical improvements for LIBs and PEMFCs. If the next generation of EVs is to lead to not only reduced emissions during use but also environmentally sustainable production chains, the research on nanomaterials for LIBs and PEMFCs should be guided by a life-cycle perspective. In this Analysis, we describe an environmental life-cycle screening framework tailored to assess nanomaterials for electromobility. By applying this framework, we offer an early evaluation of the most promising nanomaterials for LIBs and PEMFCs and their potential contributions to the environmental sustainability of EV life cycles. Potential environmental trade-offs and gaps in nanomaterials research are identified to provide guidance for future nanomaterial developments for electromobility.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Batteries, Fuel cells, Nanoscience and technology

Subjects: 1000 Civil engineering > 1003 Transportation engineering
1500 Environmental engineering > 1500 Environmental engineering
2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering
Department: Department of Chemical Engineering
Research Center: CIRAIG - International Reference Centre for the Life Cycle of Products, Processes and Services
Funders: Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Norges forskningsråd, European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme
Grant number: 209697, 646286
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/2459/
Journal Title: Nature Nanotechnology (vol. 11, no. 12)
Publisher: Springer Nature
DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2016.237
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2016.237
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2017 09:40
Last Modified: 27 May 2024 12:28
Cite in APA 7: Ellingsen, L. A.-W., Hung, C. R., Majeau-Bettez, G., Singh, B., Chen, Z., Whittingham, M. S., & Strømman, A. H. (2016). Nanotechnology for environmentally sustainable electromobility. Nature Nanotechnology, 11(12), 1039-1051. https://doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2016.237

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