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Current trends and challenges in pediatric access to sensorless and sensor-based upper limb exoskeletons

Guillaume Gaudet, Maxime Raison and Sofiane Achiche

Article (2021)

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Abstract

Sensorless and sensor-based upper limb exoskeletons that enhance or support daily motor function are limited for children. This review presents the different needs in pediatrics and the latest trends when developing an upper limb exoskeleton and discusses future prospects to improve accessibility. First, the principal diagnoses in pediatrics and their respective challenge are presented. A total of 14 upper limb exoskeletons aimed for pediatric use were identified in the literature. The exoskeletons were then classified as sensorless or sensor-based, and categorized with respect to the application domain, the motorization solution, the targeted population(s), and the supported movement(s). The relative absence of upper limb exoskeleton in pediatrics is mainly due to the additional complexity required in order to adapt to children’s growth and answer their specific needs and usage. This review highlights that research should focus on sensor-based exoskeletons, which would benefit the majority of children by allowing easier adjustment to the children’s needs. Sensor-based exoskeletons are often the best solution for children to improve their participation in activities of daily living and limit cognitive, social, and motor impairments during their development.

Uncontrolled Keywords

exoskeleton; upper limb; pediatrics; biomechatronics

Subjects: 2100 Mechanical engineering > 2100 Mechanical engineering
Department: Department of Mechanical Engineering
Funders: Vanier Canada, NSERC
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/9433/
Journal Title: Sensors (vol. 21, no. 10)
Publisher: MDPI
DOI: 10.3390/s21103561
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/s21103561
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2023 10:15
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2024 12:13
Cite in APA 7: Gaudet, G., Raison, M., & Achiche, S. (2021). Current trends and challenges in pediatric access to sensorless and sensor-based upper limb exoskeletons. Sensors, 21(10), 3561 (17 pages). https://doi.org/10.3390/s21103561

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