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Single cavitation bubble dynamics in a stagnation flow

Dominik Mnich, Fabian Reuter, Fabian Denner and Claus-Dieter Ohl

Article (2024)

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Abstract

Jetting of collapsing bubbles is a key aspect in cavitation-driven fluid–solid interactions as it shapes the bubble dynamics and additionally due to its direct interaction with the wall. We study experimentally and numerically the near-wall collapse and jetting of a single bubble seeded into the stagnation flow of a wall jet, i.e. a jet that impinges perpendicular onto a solid wall. High-speed imaging shows rich and rather distinct bubble dynamics for different wall jet flow velocities and bubble-to-wall stand-off distances. The simulations use a volume-of-fluid method that allows us to numerically determine the microscopic and transient pressures and shear stresses on the wall. It is shown that a wall jet at moderate flow velocities of a few metres per second already shapes the bubble ellipsoidally inducing a planar and convergent jet flow. The distinct bubble dynamics allow us to tailor the wall interaction. In particular, the shear stresses can be increased by orders of magnitude without increasing impact pressures the same way. Interestingly, at small seeding stand-offs, the bubble during the final collapse stage can lift off the wall and migrate against the flow direction of the wall jet such that the violent collapse occurs away from the wall.

Uncontrolled Keywords

bubble dynamics; cavitation

Subjects: 2100 Mechanical engineering > 2100 Mechanical engineering
Department: Department of Mechanical Engineering
Funders: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Grant number: INST 272/280-1
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/57332/
Journal Title: Journal of Fluid Mechanics (vol. 979)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2023.1048
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2023.1048
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2024 13:33
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2024 21:09
Cite in APA 7: Mnich, D., Reuter, F., Denner, F., & Ohl, C.-D. (2024). Single cavitation bubble dynamics in a stagnation flow. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 979, A18 (24 pages). https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2023.1048

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