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A New Control Interaction Phenomenon in Large-Scale Type-4 Wind Park

Lei Meng, Ulas Karaagac, Mohsen Ghafouri, A. B. Stepanov, Jean Mahseredjian, Kalok Chan and Ilhan Kocar

Article (2023)

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Abstract

This paper demonstrates the risk of a new control interaction phenomenon between a large- scale type-4 wind park (WP) and a 500 kV transmission grid at super-synchronous frequency range. This study aims at (i) using the impedance-based stability assessment (IBSA) method to investigate this new interaction phenomenon; and (ii) analyzing the impact of various transmission grid topologies, WP operating conditions as well as wind turbine (WT) converter control parameters on the severity of the interaction. For ultimate accuracy, the frequency-dependent impedance characteristics of the WP are extracted using the electromagnetic transient (EMT)-type impedance scanning instead of simplified analytical model. The performed analyses demonstrate that the WP generation capacity, length of the transmission lines, applied series and shunt compensation levels, presence of parallel lines, and grid side converter (GSC) control parameters of the WT, can significantly affect the identified control interaction risk. The obtained results are validated through detailed EMT simulations. Although the type-4 WP is considered in this paper, the presented results can be generalized to any inverter-based resource (IBR) with full-size converter (FSC), such as photovoltaic (PV) power stations.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Control interaction; full size converter; series compensation; shunt compensation; super- synchronous oscillation; transmission system; wind turbine

Subjects: 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering
Department: Department of Electrical Engineering
Funders: Hong Kong Research Grant Council for the Research Project
Grant number: 25223118
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/56709/
Journal Title: IEEE Access (vol. 11)
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
DOI: 10.1109/access.2023.3334153
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2023.3334153
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2023 14:30
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2024 17:20
Cite in APA 7: Meng, L., Karaagac, U., Ghafouri, M., Stepanov, A. B., Mahseredjian, J., Chan, K., & Kocar, I. (2023). A New Control Interaction Phenomenon in Large-Scale Type-4 Wind Park. IEEE Access, 11, 11 pages. https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2023.3334153

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