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CANDU-6 reactivity devices optimization for advanced cycles – Part II: Liquid zone controllers adjustment

Emmanuel St-Aubin and Guy Marleau

Article (2018)

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Abstract

In Part I of this paper, we optimized the CANDU-6 adjuster rods for reactors burning thorium-based fuel. Here we modify the liquid zone controllers assuming optimized adjuster rods for the same advanced cycles. The objective is to maximize the average exit burnup for these fuel cycles while preserving the reactor ability to control the power distribution inside the core during normal operation conditions. These goals are achieved by implementing a liquid zone controller iterative response model based on explicit diffusion calculations to evaluate the control system capacity to maintain zone, channel and bundle powers below their safety limits during pre-determined perturbations sequences. Based on the evaluation of spatial control metrics for on-power refueling, boric acid or heavy water doping of the light water in the controllers is selected. A full core model is also used to assess their response during adjuster rods withdrawal in shim mode. The results demonstrate that our approach works well for thorium-based cycles, while achieving excellent fuel management performances. The use of -doped liquid zone controllers for the natural uranium cycle can also increase its average exit burnup by 0.7% without detrimental consequences on reactor control.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Reactivity devices ; CANDU ; Thorium ; Fuel management ; DONJON

Subjects: 2400 Nuclear engineering > 2400 Nuclear engineering
2400 Nuclear engineering > 2401 Reactor design and operation
Department: Department of Engineering Physics
Research Center: Institut de génie nucléaire
Funders: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Hydro-Québec, Organization of CANDU Industries
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/5143/
Journal Title: Nuclear Engineering and Design (vol. 337)
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.nucengdes.2018.06.026
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2018.06.026
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2023 15:18
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2024 02:36
Cite in APA 7: St-Aubin, E., & Marleau, G. (2018). CANDU-6 reactivity devices optimization for advanced cycles – Part II: Liquid zone controllers adjustment. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 337, 460-470. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nucengdes.2018.06.026

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