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Experimental and theoretical assessment of water sorbent kinetics

Ulrich Legrand, Pierre-Luc Girard-Lauriault, Jean-Luc Meunier, Richard Boudreault and Jason Robert Tavares

Article (2022)

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Abstract

The kinetics of water adsorption in powder sorbent layers are important to design a scaled-up atmospheric water capture device. Herein, the adsorption kinetics of three sorbents, a chromium (Cr)-based metal–organic framework (Cr-MIL-101), a carbon-based material (nanoporous sponges/NPS), and silica gel, have been tested experimentally, using powder layers ranging from ∼0 to 7.5 mm in thickness, in a custom-made calibrated environmental chamber cycling from 5 to 95% RH at 30 °C. A mass and energy transfer model was applied onto the experimental curves to better understand the contribution of key parameters (maximum water uptake, kinetics of single particles, layer open porosity, and particle size distribution). Open porosity (i.e., the void-to-particle ratio in the sorbent layer) shows the highest influence to improve the kinetics. Converting the sorbent kinetics data into a daily yield of captured water demonstrated (i) the existence of an optimal open porosity for each sorbent, (ii) that thinner layers with moderate open porosity performed respectively better than thicker layers with high open porosity, and (iii) that high maximum water uptake and fast single-particle kinetics are not necessarily predictive of high daily water yield.

Uncontrolled Keywords

kinetics, water capture, sorbents, open porosity, diffusion model

Subjects: 1800 Chemical engineering > 1800 Chemical engineering
Department: Department of Chemical Engineering
Research Center: CREPEC - Center for Applied Research on Polymers and Composites
Funders: Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), Prima, Mitacs, Awn Nanotech Inc.
Grant number: CRDPJ 522391-17, IT16469
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/50426/
Journal Title: Langmuir (vol. 38, no. 8)
Publisher: American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c03364
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c03364
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2023 14:58
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2024 15:14
Cite in APA 7: Legrand, U., Girard-Lauriault, P.-L., Meunier, J.-L., Boudreault, R., & Tavares, J. R. (2022). Experimental and theoretical assessment of water sorbent kinetics. Langmuir, 38(8), 2651-2659. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c03364

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