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A global perspective on sulfur oxide controls in coal-fired power plants and cardiovascular disease

Cheng-Kuan Lin, Ro-Ting Lin, Pi-Cheng Chen, Pu Wang, Nathalie de Marcellis-Warin, Corwin Zigler and David C. Christiani

Article (2018)

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Cite this document: Lin, C.-K., Lin, R.-T., Chen, P.-C., Wang, P., de Marcellis-Warin, N., Zigler, C. & Christiani, D. C. (2018). A global perspective on sulfur oxide controls in coal-fired power plants and cardiovascular disease. Scientific Reports, 8(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20404-2
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Abstract

Sulfur oxides (SOx), particularly SO2 emitted by coal-fired power plants, produce long-term risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We estimated the relative risks of CVD and ischemic heart disease (IHD) attributable to SOx emission globally. National SOx reduction achieved by emissions control systems was defined as the average SOx reduction percentage weighted by generating capacities of individual plants in a country. We analyzed the relative risk of CVD incidence associated with national SOx reduction for 13,581 coal-fired power-generating units in 79 countries. A 10% decrease in SOx emission was associated with 0.28% (males; 95%CI = -0.39%~0.95%) and 1.69% (females; 95%CI = 0.99%~2.38%) lower CVD risk. The effects on IHD were > 2 times stronger among males than females (2.78%, 95%CI = 1.99%~3.57% vs. 1.18%, 95%CI = 0.19%~2.17%). Further, 1.43% (males) and 8.00% (females) of CVD cases were attributable to suboptimal SOx reduction. Thus, enhancing regulations on SOx emission control represents a target for national and international intervention to prevent CVD.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Air Pollutants/*analysis/toxicity; Air Pollution/analysis/*prevention & control; Cardiovascular Diseases/*epidemiology/*prevention & control; Coal/*adverse effects; Female; Humans; Incidence; Internationality; Male; Power Plants; Risk; Sulfur Oxides/*analysis/toxicity

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Department: Département de mathématiques et de génie industriel
Research Center: Non applicable
Funders: Graduate Consortium, Harvard University Center for the Environmental Health
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2021 14:00
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2021 01:20
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/5005/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: Scientific Reports (vol. 8, no. 1)
Publisher: Nature
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-20404-2

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