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Terahertz photoconductive emitter with dielectric-embedded high-aspect-ratio plasmonic grating for operation with low-power optical pumps

D. V. Lavrukhin, A. E. Yachmenev, I. A. Glinskiy, R. A. Khabibullin, Y. G. Goncharov, Maxim Ryzhii, Taiichi Otsuji, I. E. Spector, Michael Shur, Maksim A. Skorobogatiy, Kirill Zaytsev and Dmitry Ponomarev

Article (2019)

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Abstract

We report on the design, optimization and fabrication of a plasmon-assisted terahertz (THz) photoconductive antenna (PCA) for THz pulse generation at low-power optical pumps. The PCA features a high aspect ratio dielectric-embedded plasmonic Au grating placed into the photoconductive gap. Additionally, Si₃N₄-passivation of the photoconductor and the Al₂O₃-antireflection coating are used to further enhance antenna performance. For comparative analysis of the THz photocurrents, THz waveforms and THz power spectra we introduced the THz photocurrent δᵢ and the THz power enhancement δTHz factors, which are defined as ratios between the THz photocurrents and the THz power spectra for the plasmon-assisted and conventional PCAs. We demonstrated superior performance of the plasmon-assisted PCA δᵢ=30 and δTHz=3 ∙ 10³ at the lowest optical pump power of P=0.1 mW. Nevertheless the increase to P=10 mW lead to monotonically decrease in the both values to δᵢ=2 and δTHz=10² due to screening effects. These results demonstrate a strong potential of the plasmonic PCA for operation with low-power lasers, thus, opening opportunities for the development of portable and cost-effective THz spectrometers and imaging systems.

Subjects: 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2500 Electrical and electronic engineering
2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2505 Photonic devices and networks
2500 Electrical and electronic engineering > 2520 Microwave and millimeter-wave devices, circuits and technologies
3300 Condensed matterphysics > 3300 Condensed matterphysics
Department: Department of Engineering Physics
Funders: Russian Scientific Foundation, Canada Research Chairs/Chaires de recherche du Canada, Office of Naval Research, USA, US Army Research Laboratory
Grant number: 18-79-10195
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/4989/
Journal Title: AIP Advances (vol. 9, no. 1)
Publisher: AIP Publishing
DOI: 10.1063/1.5081119
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5081119
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2022 09:36
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2024 17:06
Cite in APA 7: Lavrukhin, D. V., Yachmenev, A. E., Glinskiy, I. A., Khabibullin, R. A., Goncharov, Y. G., Ryzhii, M., Otsuji, T., Spector, I. E., Shur, M., Skorobogatiy, M. A., Zaytsev, K., & Ponomarev, D. (2019). Terahertz photoconductive emitter with dielectric-embedded high-aspect-ratio plasmonic grating for operation with low-power optical pumps. AIP Advances, 9(1), 015112 (5 pages). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5081119

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