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A benchmark concentration analysis for manganese in drinking water and IQ deficits in children

Savroop S. Kullar, Kan Shao, Céline Surette, Delphine Foucher, Donna Mergler, Pierre Cormier, David C. Bellinger, Benoit Barbeau, Sébastien Sauvé and Maryse F. Bouchard

Article (2019)

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Manganese is an essential nutrient, but in excess, can be a potent neurotoxicant. We previously reported findings from two cross-sectional studies on children, showing that higher concentrations of manganese in drinking water were associated with deficits in IQ scores. Despite the common occurrence of this neurotoxic metal, its concentration in drinking water is rarely regulated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to apply a benchmark concentration analysis to estimate water manganese levels associated with pre-defined levels of cognitive impairment in children, i.e. drop of 1%, 2% and 5% in Performance IQ scores. METHODS: Data from two studies conducted in Canada were pooled resulting in a sample of 630 children (ages 5.9-13.7years) with data on tap water manganese concentration and cognition, as well as confounders. We used the Bayesian Benchmark Dose Analysis System to compute weight-averaged median estimates for the benchmark concentration (BMC) of manganese in water and the lower bound of the credible interval (BMCL), based on seven different exposure-response models. RESULTS: The BMC for manganese in drinking water associated with a decrease of 1% Performance IQ score was 133mug/L (BMCL, 78mug/L); for a decrease of 2%, this concentration was 266mug/L (BMCL, 156mug/L) and for a decrease of 5% it was 676mug/L (BMCL, 406mug/L). In sex-stratified analyses, the manganese concentrations associated with a decrease of 1%, 2% and 5% Performance IQ in boys were 185, 375 and 935mug/L (BMCLs, 75, 153 and 386mug/L) and 78, 95, 192mug/L (BMCLs, 9, 21 and 74mug/L) for girls. CONCLUSION: Studies suggest that a maximum acceptable concentration for manganese in drinking water should be set to protect children, the most vulnerable population, from manganese neurotoxicity. The present risk analysis can guide decision-makers responsible for developing these standards.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Adolescent; Benchmarking; Child; Child, Preschool; Cognition; Drinking Water/*analysis; *Environmental Exposure/analysis/statistics & numerical data; Female; Humans; Intelligence Tests/*statistics & numerical data; Male; Manganese/*analysis; *Benchmark-concentration analysis; *Drinking water; *iq; *Manganese; *Neurodevelopmental toxicity

Subjects: 1500 Environmental engineering > 1500 Environmental engineering
1500 Environmental engineering > 1501 Water quality, pollution
Department: Department of Civil, Geological and Mining Engineering
Funders: Canadian Institute of Health Research (Quebec Study), Chemicals Management Plan of Health Canana (New Brunswick Study), Quebec's Fund for Health Research, Research Scholar Award
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/4979/
Journal Title: Environment International (vol. 130)
Publisher: Elsevier
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2019.05.083
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.05.083
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2022 11:13
Last Modified: 11 May 2023 03:54
Cite in APA 7: Kullar, S. S., Shao, K., Surette, C., Foucher, D., Mergler, D., Cormier, P., Bellinger, D. C., Barbeau, B., Sauvé, S., & Bouchard, M. F. (2019). A benchmark concentration analysis for manganese in drinking water and IQ deficits in children. Environment International, 130, 104889 (8 pages). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2019.05.083

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