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Diazonium-based anchoring of PEDOT on Pt/Ir electrodes via diazonium chemistry

Danny Chhin, David Polcari, Côme Bodart-Le Guen, Gaia Tomasello, Fabio Cicoira, Steen B. Schougaard

Paper (2018)

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Abstract

Conducting polymers, specifically poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), have recently been coated onto Pt/Ir electrodes intended for neural applications, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS). This modification reduces impedance, increases biocompatibility, and increases electrochemically active surface area. However, direct electropolymerization of PEDOT onto a metallic surface results in physically adsorbed films that suffer from poor adhesion, precluding their use in applications requiring in vivo functionality (i.e. DBS treatment). In this work, we propose a new attachment strategy, whereby PEDOT is covalently attached to an electrode surface through an intermediate phenylthiophene layer, deposited by electrochemical reduction of a diazonium salt. Our electrodes retain their electrochemical performance after more than 1000 redox cycles, whereas physically adsorbed films begin to delaminate after only 40 cycles. Additionally, covalently attached PEDOT maintained strong adhesion even after 10 minutes of ultrasonication(vs. 10 s for physically adsorbed films), confirming its suitability for long-term implantation in the brain. The simple two-step covalent attachment strategy proposed here is particularly useful for neural applications and could also be adapted to introduce other functionalities on the conducting surface.
Subjects: 1800 Chemical engineering > 1800 Chemical engineering
1800 Chemical engineering > 1802 Biochemical engineering
Department: Department of Chemical Engineering
Funders: CRSNG/NSERC - Discovery Grant, Fonds de recherche - Nature et Technologies
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/4821/
Conference Title: Brain and Electrochemistry Symposium
Conference Location: National Harbor, Maryland
Conference Date(s): 2017-10-01 - 2017-10-05
Journal Title: Journal of The Electrochemical Society (vol. 165, no. 12)
Publisher: IOP Science
DOI: 10.1149/2.0061812jes
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0061812jes
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2021 14:38
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2022 14:22
Cite in APA 7: Chhin, D., Polcari, D., Bodart-Le Guen, C., Tomasello, G., Cicoira, F., & Schougaard, S. B. (2017, October). Diazonium-based anchoring of PEDOT on Pt/Ir electrodes via diazonium chemistry [Paper]. Brain and Electrochemistry Symposium, National Harbor, Maryland. Published in Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 165(12). https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0061812jes

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