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Characterization of minimum impeller speed for suspension of solids in liquid at high solid concentration, using gamma-ray densitometry

Rouzbeh Jafari, Philippe A. Tanguy and Jamal Chaouki

Article (2012)

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Cite this document: Jafari, R., Tanguy, P. A. & Chaouki, J. (2012). Characterization of minimum impeller speed for suspension of solids in liquid at high solid concentration, using gamma-ray densitometry. International Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2012, p. 1-15. doi:10.1155/2012/945314
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Abstract

The successful design and operation of Liquid-Solid (LS) and Gas-Liquid-Solid (GLS) stirred tank reactors requires an accurate determination of the level of solid suspension needed for the process at hand. A poor design of the stirred tank to achieve optimum conditions and maintain the system under these conditions during operation may cause significant drawbacks concerning product quality (selectivity and yield) and cost. In this paper, the limitations of applying conventional measurement techniques for the accurate characterization of critical impeller speed for just off-bottom suspension (NJS) at high solid concentrations are described. Subsequently, the Gamma-Ray Densitometry technique for characterizing NJS is introduced, which can overcome the limitations of previous experimental techniques. The theoretical concept of this method is explained, and experimental validation is presented to confirm the accuracy of the Gamma-Ray Densitometry technique. The effects of clearance, scale, and solid loading on NJS for several impellers are discussed. Experimental NJS values are compared with correlations proposed in the literatures, and modifications are made to improve the prediction. Finally, by utilizing the similarity to the incipient movement of solid particles in other systems, a theoretical model for NJS prediction is presented.

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 1800 Génie chimique > 1800 Génie chimique
Department: Département de génie chimique
Research Center: Non applicable
Funders: Polytechnique Montreal - Chemical Engineering Department, CNSNG/NSERC, COREM
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2019 12:25
Last Modified: 01 May 2019 01:20
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/3642/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: International Journal of Chemical Engineering (vol. 2012)
Publisher: Hindawi
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/945314

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