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Pseudomonas aeruginosa in premise plumbing of large buildings

Émilie Bédard, Michèle Prévost and Éric Déziel

Article (2016)

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Cite this document: Bédard, É., Prévost, M. & Déziel, É. (2016). Pseudomonas aeruginosa in premise plumbing of large buildings. MicrobiologyOpen, 5(6), p. 937-956. doi:10.1002/mbo3.391
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Abstract

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic bacterial pathogen that is widely occurring in the environment and is recognized for its capacity to form or join biofilms. The present review consolidates current knowledge on P.aeruginosa ecology and its implication in healthcare facilities premise plumbing. The adaptability of P.aeruginosa and its capacity to integrate the biofilm from the faucet and the drain highlight the role premise plumbing devices can play in promoting growth and persistence. A meta-analysis of P.aeruginosa prevalence in faucets (manual and electronic) and drains reveals the large variation in device positivity reported and suggest the high variability in the sampling approach and context as the main reason for this variation. The effects of the operating conditions that prevail within water distribution systems (disinfection, temperature, and hydraulic regime) on the persistence of P.aeruginosa are summarized. As a result from the review, recommendations for proactive control measures of water contamination by P.aeruginosa are presented. A better understanding of the ecology of P.aeruginosa and key influencing factors in premise plumbing are essential to identify culprit areas and implement effective control measures.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Pseudomonas aeruginosa; disinfection; environmental factors; faucets; healthcare facilities; premise plumbing; Biofilms; Cross Infection; Disinfectants; Disinfection; Halogenation; Health Facilities; Humans; Pseudomonas Infections; Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Water Microbiology; Water Supply; Disinfectants

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 1000 Génie civil > 1000 Génie civil
1000 Génie civil > 1007 Ressources et approvisionnement en eau
1500 Génie de l'environnement > 1500 Génie de l'environnement
Department: Département des génies civil, géologique et des mines
Research Center: Non applicable
Funders: Chaire industrielle CRSNG en eau potable (CICEP)
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2019 12:39
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2019 01:20
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/3509/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: MicrobiologyOpen (vol. 5, no. 6)
Publisher: Wiley
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/mbo3.391

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