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Effect of nitrogen-rich cell culture surfaces on type X collagen expression by bovine growth plate chondrocytes

Alain Petit, Caroline N. Demers, Pierre-Luc Girard-Lauriault, Dorothy Stachura, Michael R. Wertheimer, John Antoniou and Fackson Mwale

Article (2011)

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Cite this document: Petit, A., Demers, C. N., Girard-Lauriault, P.-L., Stachura, D., Wertheimer, M. R., Antoniou, J. & Mwale, F. (2011). Effect of nitrogen-rich cell culture surfaces on type X collagen expression by bovine growth plate chondrocytes. BioMedical Engineering OnLine, 10(4). doi:10.1186/1475-925x-10-4
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Abstract

Background: Recent evidence indicates that osteoarthritis (OA) may be a systemic disease since mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from OA patients express type X collagen, a marker of late stage chondrocyte hypertrophy (associated with endochondral ossification). We recently showed that the expression of type X collagen was suppressed when MSCs from OA patients were cultured on nitrogen (N)-rich plasma polymer layers, which we call "PPE:N" (N-doped plasma-polymerized ethylene, containing up to 36 atomic percentage (at.%) of N.Methods: In the present study, we examined the expression of type X collagen in fetal bovine growth plate chondrocytes (containing hypertrophic chondrocytes) cultured on PPE:N. We also studied the effect of PPE: N on the expression of matrix molecules such as type II collagen and aggrecan, as well as on proteases (matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) and molecules implicated in cell division (cyclin B2). Two other culture surfaces, "hydrophilic" polystyrene (PS, regular culture dishes) and nitrogen-containing cation polystyrene (Primaria (R)), were also investigated for comparison.Results: Results showed that type X collagen mRNA levels were suppressed when cultured for 4 days on PPE: N, suggesting that type X collagen is regulated similarly in hypertrophic chondrocytes and in human MSCs from OA patients. However, the levels of type X collagen mRNA almost returned to control value after 20 days in culture on these surfaces. Culture on the various surfaces had no significant effects on type II collagen, aggrecan, MMP-13, and cyclin B2 mRNA levels.Conclusion: Hypertrophy is diminished by culturing growth plate chondrocytes on nitrogen-rich surfaces, a mechanism that is beneficial for MSC chondrogenesis. Furthermore, one major advantage of such "intelligent surfaces" over recombinant growth factors for tissue engineering and cartilage repair is potentially large cost-saving.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Aggrecans; Animals; Cattle; Cell Culture Techniques; Cell Division; Cells, Cultured; Chondrocytes; Collagen Type II; Collagen Type X; Culture Media, Conditioned; Cyclin B2; Down-Regulation; Growth Plate; Hypertrophy; Matrix Metalloproteinase 13; Nitrogen; RNA, Messenger; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Aggrecans; Collagen Type II; Collagen Type X; Culture Media, Conditioned; Cyclin B2; RNA, Messenger; Matrix Metalloproteinase 13; Nitrogen

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 1900 Génie biomédical > 1900 Génie biomédical
3100 Physique > 3100 Physique
Department: Département de génie physique
Research Center: Non applicable
Funders: CIHR, AO Foundation, CRSNG/NSERC
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2019 15:37
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2019 01:20
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/3405/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: BioMedical Engineering OnLine (vol. 10, no. 4)
Publisher: BioMed Central
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-925x-10-4

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