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De-agglomeration of nanoparticles in a jet impactor-assisted fluidized bed

Hamed Nasri Lari, Jamal Chaouki and Jason Robert Tavares

Article (2017)

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Cite this document: Nasri Lari, H., Chaouki, J. & Tavares, J. R. (2017). De-agglomeration of nanoparticles in a jet impactor-assisted fluidized bed. Powder Technology, 316, p. 455-461. doi:10.1016/j.powtec.2017.02.042
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Abstract

Nanoparticles in agglomerated state lose their outstanding properties; hence, it is essential to break them up prior to use and prevent their re-agglomeration. Even though there are several dry techniques to disperse nanopowders, none of them have been able to produce truly nanoscale aerosols so far. Here, we study de-agglomeration of dry silica nanopowder via a jet impactor-assisted fluidized bed (JIAFB). The particle size distribution of fragmented powders was characterized by in-line scanning mobility particle spectrometry (SMPS) and offline transmission electron microscopy (TEM). In order to ascertain the jet length and that the kinetic energy of particles is sufficient for de-agglomeration, a CFD simulation was carried out. Both SMPS and TEM measurements imply that at a certain fluidization velocity, increasing the jet velocity shifts the particle size distribution towards smaller diameters, and at higher velocities the mode value reduced from 113 130 to 55–60 nm. However, the geometric standard deviation or degree of polydispersity rises from 1.5 to 2.0 by increasing the jet velocity up to 197 m/s, as it will increase the total superficial velocity and consequently entrainment of larger particles from the bed. In addition, the TEM results indicate that the range of individual particle sizes in the supplied nanopowder is wide; hence, increasing the geometric standard deviation can be an indicator of a higher level of agglomerate dispersion.

Uncontrolled Keywords

Fluidized bed, Nanoparticles, De-agglomeration, Impaction, Particle size distribution, Interparticle forces

Open Access document in PolyPublie
Subjects: 1800 Génie chimique > 1800 Génie chimique
Department: Département de génie chimique
Research Center: Non applicable
Funders: CRSNG/NSERC
Grant number: RGPIN 418847-2013
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2017 14:44
Last Modified: 20 Feb 2019 01:15
PolyPublie URL: https://publications.polymtl.ca/2791/
Document issued by the official publisher
Journal Title: Powder Technology (vol. 316)
Publisher: Elsevier
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.powtec.2017.02.042

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